“Daily living skills” involve those activities that promote independence, and thus self-esteem, in each child. These activities include the many small and large tasks each of us must do to get through the day. Things a sighted child learns by observation and does with ease may be monumental tasks for a blind child, such as putting tooth paste on a toothbrush, zipping up a jacket, finding an object he or she dropped on the floor, organizing and finding belongings, operating a radio or CD player, and social interaction skills.
Orientation and Mobility (O&M) is a major aspect of daily living skills. O&M has to do with moving independently and confidently in the environment, whether it be at home, school, outside, or in a bus. O&M may include walking with a sighted person, using a cane, an understanding of one’s own bodily movements, and the many variables that occur in various situations.
Daily living skills, social interaction skills, and orientation and mobility are incorporated into every aspect of the program throughout the day and supplemented by special instruction when needed.
Kitchen skills, such as making a peanut butter sandwich, pouring a glass of milk, and setting the table can be mastered by children whose eyes do not see.